⑤ The Philosopher’s Study▪On alchemy’s transition into chemistry

In the 16th century, alchemy became a victim of its own success. The more it achieved, the more its reputation suffered.

Moran, Bruce T

Distilling Knowledge Book

2006, ISBN: 9780674022492.

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④ Between Skin and Bones▪On surgery’s discord with anatomy

In the 16th century, great advances were made in anatomy. Amazingly, this didn’t lead to a single improvement in surgery, which remained crude, cruel, and lethal.

Wootton, David

Bad Medicine Book

2007, ISBN: 9780199212798.

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Vesalius, Andreas

De humani corporis fabrica Online

1543.

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② Beyond the Edge of the World▪On worldviews in Columbus’ time

Columbus discovers America. But more importantly, he discovers discovery itself.

Wootton, David

The Invention of Science Book

2016, ISBN: 978-0141040837.

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Britannica, Encyclopædia

Art From The Encyclopædia Britannica (1768–71) Online

1768.

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Clavius, Christoph

In sphaeram ioannis de Sacro Bosco commentarius Online

1570.

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